First, procure the materials from the list below. These should be relatively easy to find at your local pharmacy or drugstore.
Then, study the objectives and consider the essential questions to prepare yourself to begin.
Follow the procedure closely. Take notes of your observations and questions as you move through the experiment.
At the conclusion of your experiment, answer the Analysis questions. Be thorough as you respond to these important questions –
your overall Analysis Portion should be three to four pages in length (750-1000 words).
Materials for the project:
â€¢ pH litmus paper (pH testing strips)
â€¢ Variety of solutions (lemon juice, vinegar, water, tea, milk, soap, baking soda)
â€¢ Goggles (Safety Precautions) **Students must wear goggles!
â€¢ Do not taste or directly inhale any of the solutions.
1. Choose 5 different substances to test.
2. Hypothesize whether each substance is an acid or a base. Record on the table below.
3. Put each substance in a test well. If it is a liquid, test the liquid directly. If it is a solid, it needs to be mixed with water so the pH can be determined.
4. Dip a pH strip into each of the 5 substances and allow it to sit for 10-20 seconds. Using the pH scale on the pH strip container, measure the pH level and record it on the chart.
Part I: Essential Questions
1. What is the pH scale?
2. How are acids and bases measured by a pH indicator?
3. How are acids and bases different?
4. What types of substances are considered acids and bases?
Part II: Data Table: Measurement of pH
Name of Substance(at least 5)
Hypothesis (is it an acid or a base?)(at least 5)
pH Level(at least 5)
Acid, base or neutral? (atleast 5)
Part III: Analysis questions:
1. What does the pH scale indicate?
2. What is an acid? Where are they found on the pH scale? What is a base? Where are they found on the pH scale?
3. Were any substances tested neutral? Why or why not? Explain your answer.
5. Were any of your results surprising? Why or why not?
6. Write five facts you learned about acids and bases.