Left-Sided Heart Failure Assignment

Left-Sided Heart Failure Assignment

Left-Sided Heart Failure Assignment

Left-Sided Heart Failure Assignment


The Map should be about Left-Sided Heart Failure

Below are the Sub-heading that needs to be in the Concept Map.











· The separate Reference page for Concept Map. You may have more than 2 reference

· Visually Stimulating, add pictures in the background and visually attractive. Below is an sample example but this concept map needs to look unique and visually very appealing, please.

· Add pictures of heart, lungs what ever connects to the Map and its information.

· I have attached a sample of the concept map of another topic to guide you what information requires in the map.

· 500 words and it is worth 25 Marks.

Please see attach other files for questions and Marking Criteria.

Heart failure is characterized by the heart’s inability to pump an adequate supply of blood to the body. Without sufficient blood flow, all major body functions are disrupted. Heart failure is a condition or a collection of symptoms that weaken your heart.

In some people with heart failure, the heart has difficulty pumping enough blood to support other organs in the body. Other people may have a hardening and stiffening of the heart muscle itself, which blocks or reduces blood flow to the heart.

Heart failure can affect the right or left side of your heart, or both at the same time. It can be either an acute (short-term) or chronic (ongoing) condition.

In acute heart failure, the symptoms appear suddenly but go away fairly quickly. This condition often occurs after a heart attack. It may also be a result of a problem with the heart valves that control the flow of blood in the heart.

In chronic heart failure, however, symptoms are continuous and don’t improve over time. The vast majority of heart failure cases are chronic.

About 5.7 million AmericansTrusted Source have heart failure, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most of these people are men. However, women are more likely to die from heart failure when the condition goes untreated.

Heart failure is a serious medical condition that requires treatment. Early treatment increases your chances of long-term recovery with fewer complications. Call your doctor right away if you’re having any symptoms of heart failure.
What are the symptoms of heart failure?
The symptoms of heart failure may include:

excessive fatigue
sudden weight gain
a loss of appetite
persistent coughing
irregular pulse
heart palpitations
abdominal swelling
shortness of breath
leg and ankle swelling
protruding neck veins
What causes heart failure?
Heart failure is most often related to another disease or illness. The most common cause of heart failure is coronary artery disease (CAD), a disorder that causes narrowing of the arteries that supply blood and oxygen to the heart. Other conditions that may increase your risk for developing heart failure include:

cardiomyopathy, a disorder of the heart muscle that causes the heart to become weak
a congenital heart defect
a heart attack
heart valve disease
certain types of arrhythmias, or irregular heart rhythms
high blood pressure
emphysema, a disease of the lung
an overactive or underactive thyroid
severe forms of anemia
certain cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy
drug or alcohol misuse

What are the different types of heart failure?
Heart failure can occur in either the left or right side of your heart. It’s also possible for both sides of your heart to fail at the same time.

Heart failure is also classified as either diastolic or systolic.

Left-sided heart failure
Left-sided heart failure is the most common type of heart failure.

The left heart ventricle is located in the bottom left side of your heart. This area pumps oxygen-rich blood to the rest of your body.

Left-sided heart failure occurs when the left ventricle doesn’t pump efficiently. This prevents your body from getting enough oxygen-rich blood. The blood backs up into your lungs instead, which causes shortness of breath and a buildup of fluid.

Right-sided heart failure
The right heart ventricle is responsible for pumping blood to your lungs to collect oxygen. Right-sided heart failure occurs when the right side of your heart can’t perform its job effectively. It’s usually triggered by left-sided heart failure. The accumulation of blood in the lungs caused by left-sided heart failure makes the right ventricle work harder. This can stress the right side of the heart and cause it to fail.

Right-sided heart failure can also occur as a result of other conditions, such as lung disease. According to the Mayo Clinic, right-sided heart failure is marked by swelling of the lower extremities. This swelling is caused by fluid backup in the legs, feet, and abdomen.

Diastolic heart failure
Diastolic heart failure occurs when the heart muscle becomes stiffer than normal. The stiffness, which is usually due to heart disease, means that your heart doesn’t fill with blood easily. This is known as diastolic dysfunction. It leads to a lack of blood flow to the rest of the organs in your body.

Diastolic heart failure is more common in women than in men.

Systolic heart failure
Systolic heart failure occurs when the heart muscle loses its ability to contract. The contractions of the heart are necessary to pump oxygen-rich blood out to the body. This problem is known as systolic dysfunction, and it usually develops when your heart is weak and enlarged.

Systolic heart failure is more common in men than in women.

Both diastolic and systolic heart failure can occur on the left or right sides of the heart. You may have either condition on both sides of the heart.

What are the risk factors for heart failure?
Heart failure can happen to anyone. However, certain factors may increase your risk of developing this condition.

People of African descent are at the highest riskTrusted Source of having heart failure compared to other races. Men have a higher incidenceTrusted Source than women.

People with diseases that damage the heart are also at an increased risk. These diseases include:

Certain behaviors can also increase your risk of developing heart failure, including:

eating foods high in fat or cholesterol
living a sedentary lifestyle
being overweight
chest X-ray
This test can provide images of the heart and the surrounding organs.
electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
Usually done in a doctor’s office, this test measures the electrical activity of the heart.
heart MRI
An MRI produces images of the heart without the use of radiation.
nuclear scan
A very small dose of radioactive material is injected into your body to create images of the chambers of your heart.
catheterization or coronary angiogram
In this type of X-ray exam, the doctor inserts a catheter into your blood vessel, usually in the groin or arm. They then guide it into the heart. This test can show how much blood is currently flowing through the heart.
stress exam
During a stress exam, an EKG machine monitors your heart function while you run on a treadmill or perform another type of exercise.
Holter monitoring
Electrode patches are placed on your chest and attached to a small machine called a Holter monitor for this test. The machine records the electrical activity of your heart for at least 24 to 48 hours.

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