Cardiovascular disorders: Case Study

Cardiovascular disorders: Case Study

Cardiovascular disorders: Case Study

Cardiovascular disorders: Case Study

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Week 4 discussion This week you have learned about common cardiovascular disorders in the Adult and Geriatric patient. For the purpose of this discussion select one of the following cardiovascular disorders and provide the following in your initial post: Common Signs and symptoms seen Screening assessment tools Recommended diagnostic tests (if any) Treatment plans both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic based on current clinical practice guidelines Cardiovascular disorders: CHF Valve disorders Angina PVD

What Are Cardiovascular Diseases?

Cardiovascular diseases are conditions that affect the structures or function of your heart, such as:

  • Abnormal heart rhythms, or arrhythmias
  • Aorta disease and Marfan syndrome
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Coronary artery disease (narrowing of the arteries)
  • Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism
  • Heart attack
  • Heart failure
  • Heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy)
  • Heart valve disease
  • Pericardial disease
  • Peripheral vascular disease
  • Rheumatic heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Vascular disease (blood vessel disease)

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the U.S. It’s important to learn about your heart to help prevent it. If you have it, you can live a healthier, more active life by learning about your disease and taking care of yourself.

Types of cardiovascular disease can have various causes, so it’s important to know the difference.

Abnormal Heart Rhythms

The heart is an amazing organ. It beats in a steady, even rhythm, about 60 to 100 times each minute. That’s about 100,000 times each day. Sometimes your heart gets out of rhythm. Your doctor calls an irregular or abnormal heartbeat an arrhythmia. An arrhythmia (also called a dysrhythmia) can bring on an uneven heartbeat or a heartbeat that is either too slow or too fast.

Aorta Disease and Marfan Syndrome

The aorta is the large artery that leaves your heart and brings oxygen-rich blood to the rest of your body. These two conditions can cause the aorta to widen or tear. This raises the chance of things like:

  • Atherosclerosis (hardened arteries)
  • High blood pressure
  • Connective tissue disorders that can weaken your blood vessel walls, such as scleroderma, osteogenesis imperfecta, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, and polycystic kidney disease
  • Injury

If you have aorta disease, you’ll need a team of specialists and surgeons to take part in your treatment.

Cardiomyopathies

This is the term for diseases of the heart muscle. They’re sometimes simply called enlarged heart. People with these conditions have hearts that are unusually big, thick, or stiff. Their hearts can’t pump blood as well as they should. Without treatment, cardiomyopathies get worse. They can lead to heart failure and abnormal heart rhythms.

Cardiomyopathy may sometimes run in families, but it can also be caused by high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, metabolic diseases, or infections.

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